Endodontics is the treatment of infected root canals performed by endodontists who are specialists in their field.
An endodontist is one of the most sought after dental specialists by practices everywhere because they often help treat patients who are in the most pain or those with dental emergencies. An endodontist is concerned with treating tooth pulp. This is the soft, inner living tissue of the tooth that is contained in the root canal. Because it leads directly to the main nerve in the jaw, any infection or exposure of the pulp can leave a person in great pain.
There are many treatments our endodontists are qualified to perform. Tooth decay is a very serious problem because, when left untreated, it can lead to the loss of the tooth. Often, when a cavity is very large, the only way to save the tooth is with root canal therapy. This treatment performed by our endodontics expert removes the entire infected portion of the tooth to leave only the healthy material. The remaining portion of the tooth will need to be covered with a dental crown to allow the tooth to regain total strength and function.
A tooth can become cracked because of trauma, bruxism (teeth grinding), chewing hard objects like popcorn kernels, or orthodontic issues like crowding. When a tooth is cracked, the pulp inside is exposed which can create several oral health concerns. One concern is that bacteria will enter the inner portion of the tooth and cause pain and decay mush quicker than normal. Also, cracked teeth can be very sensitive to hot, cold, sweet, and acidic foods and drinks because they can directly enter the area connected to the nerve. Our expert endodontist can fill the crack to completely restore it.
When an accident happens that causes teeth to be dislodged in a traumatic way, they can often be saved and replaced if it is done quickly and the tooth came out in one piece. Our endodontist is often the specialist who will work to treat these dental emergencies because the living portion of the tooth will need to be reconnected properly to keep the tooth alive.
At the core of the tooth is soft tissue (otherwise known as pulp). The hollow area that houses this soft tissue contains a space towards the top of the tooth called the pulp chamber. This pulp chamber is connected to the root of the tooth via pipe-like canals, giving rise to the term "root canal". The blood vessels in these canals provide nutrition to the tooth. Occasionally, the internal soft tissue of the tooth becomes infected and can result in a serious infection if left untreated. Root canal treatment should take place before the infection gets too serious.
Infected/Inflamed Pulp Tissue
Technically "root canal" is not the name of the procedure but refers instead simply to the thin tubes that connect the pulp chamber and the tip of the tooth's root. In fact, the procedure that laymen refer to as a "root canal" is actually known as a pulpectomy to dentists. A pulpectomy is an endodontic treatment to cure an infected root canal. In the old days, damage to the core of a tooth usually meant it had to be removed. Today, however, a "root canal" procedure (or pulpectomy) disinfects and refills the inside of the tooth, thus preventing pain and limiting damage to the tooth.
Some indications of the need for root canal treatment may be:
The tooth is first anesthetized then a hole is made down into the pulp. Our endodontist uses tiny instruments to extract the remaining pulp from the tooth, thoroughly disinfecting the tooth canal in the process. Once disinfected, the interior of the tooth is filled with an inert material that helps prevent further infection.
Our endodontists are capable of fixing any problem that is affecting the pulp of your tooth. Contact us today to learn more or make an appointment online by using the scheduler.
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